Global Protection of Biodiversity – The Intended and Unintended Consequences of International Agreements. What Next?
Earth Day: Save our Species
Location: Institut Dr. Flad, Breitscheidstraße 127, 70176 Stuttgart Admission: free Language: English Duration: 11.00 – 12.30 h
As we approach the 50th anniversary of Earth Day in 2020, it is worth taking a look back at the impact, progress and policy changes that have ensued from this grass-roots movement. Earth Day started in the United States and led to remarkable domestic policy outcomes in the 1970s and 80s. However, the subsequent spread of Earth Day to the international stage, had long-term globe-changing consequences such as the recent Paris Treaty on climate change. For biodiversity protection, the political momentum of the 20th anniversary of Earth Day in 1990 led to the „Rio Summit“ (United Nations Earth Summit) in 1992 during which the Biodiversity Convention (CBD) was officially opened for signatures. The CBD and its three goals – protection of biodiversity, sustainable use of biodiversity, and fair and equitable benefit sharing – became a hallmark of sustainable development that involved the entire globe. Over the next 20 years, more treaties to the CBD were added, the Cartagena Protocol and the Nagoya Protocol, and the Aichi Targets solidified the goals for biodiversity.
But what is the reason for all these political treaties? What have they accomplished? What were the tradeoffs? The biodiversity research community has experienced unfortunate unintended consequences and a new push to include DNA sequence information in the CBD in 2020 could have serious consequences of its own. The talk will explore the tension between global goals and practical outcomes and present ideas for strengthening conservation of biodiversity without undermining the science that makes it all possible.
Dr. Amber Hartman Scholz is the Deputy to the Director at the Leibniz Institute DSMZ, the German Collection for Microorganisms and Cell Cultures, in Braunschweig, Germany. She headed the team that led to the DSMZ becoming the first Registered Collection under the Nagoya Protocol in the European Union, demonstrating the collection’s voluntary and stringent compliance with EU Regulation 511/2014. Her broader work at the DSMZ focuses on internationalization, strategic development, and science policy. Dr. Scholz has broad experience in science and policy through her work in the United States at the White House Office of Science and Technology Policy (OSTP) as Executive Director to the President’s Council of Advisors on Science and Technology from, the National Cancer Institute as a Policy Advisor, and as a Policy Consultant to the California State Senate Environmental Quality Committee. She received her PhD in Biology with a focus on microbiology and genomics in 2009 from the Johns Hopkins University.
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